Section 504 is a part of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 that prohibits discrimination based upon disability. Section 504 is an anti-discrimination, civil rights statute that requires the needs of students with disabilities to be met as adequately as the needs of the non-disabled are met. 

Frequently Asked Questions About Section 504 and the Education of Children with Disabilities 

Obligations of School Districts under Section 504

Regulations Section 504

Students Protected Under 504

Student Placement Under 504



Office of Civil Rights Compliance and Technical Assistance

New York Office Office for Civil Rights         U.S. Department of Education 32 Old Slip, 26th Floor New York, NY 10005-2500 Telephone: 646-428-3900 FAX: 646-428-3843; TDD: 800-877-8339 Email:

 Parent and Educator Resource Guide to Section 504 in Public Elementary and Secondary Schools  

U.S. Department of Education Office for Civil Rights December 2016 


 The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) became law in 1990. The ADA is a civil rights law that prohibits discrimination against individuals with disabilities in all areas of public life, including jobs, schools, transportation, and all public and private places that are open to the general public. The purpose of the law is to make sure that people with disabilities have the same rights and opportunities as everyone else.  

Introduction to the ADA

Effects of ADA Amendment Act of 2008 on School Districts 


  New York State’s Freedom of Information Law (Public Officers Law §87 et. seq.) allows members of the public to access records of governmental agencies. FOIL provides a process for the review and copying of an agency’s records 

Sample FOIL  request for records        


The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) (20 U.S.C. § 1232g; 34 CFR Part 99) is a Federal law that protects the privacy of student education records. The law applies to all schools that receive funds under an applicable program of the U.S. Department of Education.

FERPA gives parents certain rights with respect to their children's education records. These rights transfer to the student when he or she reaches the age of 18 or attends a school beyond the high school level. Students to whom the rights have transferred are "eligible students."

Federal Regulations: Title 34, Part 99--Family Educational Rights and Privacy